The medical specialties of obstetrics and gynecology pertain to two different aspects of the female reproductive system. Obstetrician-gynecologists specialize in the health of women, also called as OB-GYN doctor for short.
What is Obstetrics?
The field of obstetrics specializes in the care of pregnant women, their unborn babies, labor and delivery, and the immediate postpartum period. Obstetricians ensure mothers and babies receive the best prenatal care to ensure a smooth labor and delivery. They are trained in these and for any complications of childbirth that may arise to ensure both mother and baby are safely guided through all of the phases of pregnancy and childbirth. As soon as a woman has given birth, an obstetrician is focused on the health of the woman and her child, ensuring that they both transition well into normal daily life.
What is Gynecology?
The field of gynecology deals with any medical condition of the reproductive organs, such as the uterus, fallopian tubes, cervix, ovaries, and vaginal cavity. Gynecology covers all aspects of a woman’s reproductive health after the onset of puberty until menopause. Gynecologists also assist with infertility issues and contraception. A gynecologist diagnoses and treats diseases of the reproductive organs including yeast and bacterial infections, irregular and painful menstruation, diseases related to menopause, and cancer of the ovaries, uterus, cervix, vagina, and fallopian tubes.
Obstetrics and Gynecology might seem quite similar, however, keep in mind that while Gynecology deals with a woman’s reproductive health in general, Obstetrics focuses on pregnancy and childbirth. It can also be said that Obstetrics has a certain degree of dependence on the field of Gynecology. For instance, a woman seeking to conceive will talk to an Obstetrician about the process, but not before going through gynecological counseling.
What does Obstetrics involve?
As discussed earlier, Obstetrics focuses on pregnancy and childbirth. With that being said, here is what to expect in the field of Obstetrics from the time you start planning for a pregnancy until childbirth.
At Shenoy Hospital’s Gynecological consultations and examinations are needed at regular intervals to evaluate a woman’s reproductive health. It becomes even more important when trying to conceive. This is your first step in the journey.
The journey to motherhood begins with a consultation with our expert gynecologists and obstetricians, who advise you on the best days to conceive and, if applicable, any lifestyle changes and fertility procedures that may boost your chances of pregnancy.
Shenoy Hospital’s belief in early and regular prenatal care which will improve the chances of a healthy pregnancy. As part of prenatal care, women are informed about steps they can take to safeguard their infant and ensure a healthy pregnancy in order to prevent complications.
Shenoy Hospitals advises all mothers to schedule regular healthcare appointments throughout their pregnancy once they become pregnant. During these visits, the doctor will check your health and the health of the baby.
To evaluate the health of the mother and baby, a wide range of tests are performed. The results of these tests assist patients and physicians in determining the best course of treatment during pregnancy, delivery, and the first weeks of life.
We also offer a painless delivery option where the would-be mother can focus on delivery while we administer an epidural dose to reduce pain.
The days and weeks following childbirth, also known as the postnatal period, is a critical phase in the lives of mothers and newborn babies. Postnatal Care includes the prevention, early detection, and treatment of complications, immunization, and maternal nutrition which is all taken care of at Shenoy Hospitals.
Caring for the newborn
During the Shenoy hospital stay post delivery, we make sure to ask the nurses for help with basic baby care.We guide the mothers with our best and experienced expertise, we are there for any kind of help!
What does Gynecology involve?
Gynecology focuses on female reproductive health and also involves cases of infertility, problems with periods, and issues related to pregnancy. Some of the procedures that are offered in the field of gynecology at Shenoy Hospitals are:
● Removal of the ovaries (Oophorectomy)
● Removal of the uterus (Hysterectomy)
● Removal of fallopian tubes (Salpingectomy)
● Taking tissue samples from the inner walls of the uterus if cancer of the womb is suspected
● Colposcopy and hysteroscopy, where the insides of the uterus are viewed using endoscope-like instruments
● Taking routine Pap smears from the cervix in order to diagnose and detect cervix cancer
● Ultrasound examination of the reproductive organs
● Laparoscopy or visualizing the inner abdominal organs of the female reproductive system
● Diagnosis and removal of cysts and infections from the ovaries and fallopian tubes
● Removal of uterus fibroids
● Diagnosis and treatment of sexually transmitted infections and diseases
● Diagnosis and treatment of urinary tract infections
● Diagnosis problems with menstruation like heavy bleeding, absence of or irregular menstruation etc.
● Diagnosis and treatment of cancers of cervix, vagina, vulva, uterus or ovaries
Now that you are clear about the individual fields of Gynecology and Obstetrics, it is easier tounderstand that an OB-GYN is a specialist that specializes in both of these fields and the scope of their expertise is quite vast. Shenoy Hospitals Obs & Gyn department was formed to provide
comprehensive world-class care for Gynecology & Fertility patients under one roof. Our doctors in the Obs & Gyn department have a combined experience of over 60 years! You can rest assured that your health is in safe hands